10 Deepest Lakes In The World

Lakes are one of the most important freshwater resources for the earth. While considering in terms of nature, the moredepth the lakes have, the more catchment they presume. Can you just image thatsome of the top lakes listed here have the depths over a kilometer distance. Thoughthe water seems most of the times stable, the depth personally haunts me. Henceforth,these are some of the lakes that are to be kept in mind with regards to depths beforeexploring. Additionally, having such great depths also contributes to some rarespecies to be endemic on some lakes on the list here. Finally, we have come upwith the 10 deepest lakes in the world that can resemble like an ocean.

10. Matano, Indonesia

Also recognized as “Matano”, the Lake Matano ranks at the tenth position holding a depth record of 590 meters. Located in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, the lake is considered the deepest in Indonesia. Also, there are many endemic fish species living there and they are endangered too due to pollution. The lake water of Matano contains green sulfur bacteria that promotes photosynthesis. Additionally, the fish species endemic to Matano are affected either due to the rivalry of new fishes as well as increasing pollution.

9. Crater Lake, United States

Crater Lake

Crater Lake is a deepest lake in United States and considered as a crater lake. The maximum depth of the lake is estimated at 594 meters. The lake is surrounded by snow and there are no river streams to flow through the lake. Additionally, the lake water is known to get replaced every 250 years by both snowfall and rain. Initially, the lake was named as the “Deep Blue Lake” by a non-American, John Wesley Hillman. The mean depth of the lake is at 350 meters and is accounted third in the world while considering the mean depth. Finally, to be very interesting to note that the lake water is considered one of the purest waters available on earth. The water quality of this lake is maintained due to lacking inlets that completely avoids from water being polluted.  

8. Great Slave Lake, Canada

Great Slave Lake is one of the most renowned lakes in Canada and is considered the deepest lake in North America. With a maximum depth of 614 meters, the Great Slave Lake holds 380 cu mi volume of water. The name “Slave” comes from the First Nations peoples called Slavey of the Dene. Aboriginal Canadians were the initial settlers around the lake and various cultures were evident since then. Some portions of the lake fall under the areas of Thaydene Nene National Park Reserve. Further, about eight months in a year, the lake is seen frozen. Finally, never try to fall in dangers of yourself as the lake shorelines are very irregular.

7. Issyk Kul, Kyrgyzstan

CREDIT

Issyk Kul is a fantastic lake locatedin the northern mountains in eastern Kyrgyzstan. There has been a significantpenetration of tourism at this spot that basically involve in vacation resorts,vacation homes, and hotel complexes. The lake also contributes massively interms of its incredible depth of 668 meters. The lake is accounted as the tenthlargest lake in terms of volume in the world. The name Issyk-Kul comes from theKyrgyz language, which means “warm lake”. Further, the water is saline bynature and has been estimated to be about 0.6% verse the 3.5% salinity of anactual seawater.

6. Lake Malawi

Lake Malawi, also recognized as “Lake Nyasa”, is the third largest lake in Africa. Located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania, the Lake Malawi is at a maximum depth of 706 meters. Further, the lake is known to have an average depth of 292 meters. The length of the lake is incredible high at 560 kilometers with a total surface area of about 29,600 square kilometers. Lake flies are something interesting to note in the lake regions. The lake flies are seen in bulk swarming in the lake that basically feed on zooplankton. They are sometimes mistaken for smoke plumes from far distances. Further, a lot more than expected life forms reside in the lake and some to name are Nile crocodiles, hippopotamus, monkeys, African fish eagles, and numerous aquatic lives.

5. O’Higgins-San Martin, Argentina

Unlike most of the lakes having a single catchment area, the O’Higgins-San Martin lake happens to be unique in terms of structure. Subsequently, it has eight arms through the head and tail of the lake and has a surface area of 1,013 square kilometers. Falling under the territories of Argentina, the O’Higgins-San Martin is known to have a maximum depth of 836 meters. If you are somewhere in the city of Argentina, then never miss a chance to visit the lake. Adding on to the tourist attractions, the O’Higgins-San Martin is also the most commonly visited tourist spots in Argentina. Finally, the name O’Higgins-San Martin comes after they fought against themselves for the liberation of Chile.

4. Lake Vostok, Antarctica

Lake Vostok is a subglacial lake located in the South Antarctic regions of Russia. The name Vostok comes after a “sloop-of-war” ship, a Royal Navy combat vessel as well as the Vostok Station. With a maximum depth of 900 meters, the Vostok Lake grabs a top spot in the list of deepest lakes in the world. The estimate years of lake water isolation itself is accounted to be between 15 and 25 million.

Further, the lake comprises of 1,300 cu mi volume of water standing sixth largest in the world. Consequently, the Vostok Lake has even contributed in the history of coldest places ever with recording of – 89 degree Celsius on 21 July 1983. As most regions of the lake is in the form of ice, there are more surmise of life forms to be discovered down the lake waters. Lastly, the liquid for deep into the lake was estimated to have been trapped by thick ice sheet over 15 million years ago.

3. Caspian Sea

The Caspian Sea is considered the largest inland body of water in the world. Located between Europe and Asia, the sea consist of 18,800 cu mi of water volume. Further, in terms of depth, the lake is at a maximum depth of 1,023 meters. Additionally, something interesting to note that the Caspian comprises of a sea as well as a lake characteristics. Being said that the lake is the largest in the world, the Caspian is larger than all five of North America’s Great Lakes combined. The water cannot be consumed as they are approximately 1.2% salinity that is emphasized to one third as that of a sea. As a result, the Caspian Sea region is one of the biggest suppliers of crude oil to the world market.

2. Lake Tanganyika, Central Africa

Lake Tanganyika is a fantastic lake located in Central Africa, which is best known for its depth. Also, famously known for being the second oldest freshwater lake in the world. The lake is known to have a maximum depth of 1,470 meters holding a record 16% world’s fresh water. Additionally, the lake falls under the territories of four states namely Burundi, DR Congo, Tanzania, and Zambia. Further, while considering the water characteristics, there is lesser oxygen deeper down the lake, which contain “fossil water”. Therefore, as the water volume is considerable large, the lake is home to some of the threatened species like Storm’s water cobra and Nile crocodiles.

1. Lake Baikal, Russia

Baikal–Amur Mainline

Lake Baikal is by far the deepest lake in the world having the largest volume of freshwater at 5,670 cu mi. Located in southern Siberia, the lake’s dept is considered the deepest at 1,642 meters. Additionally, the Lake Baikal falls under the UNESCO World Heritage Site, which is also considered he oldest and clearest lakes in the world. Further, the age of the lake is something to be admired with an estimated year between 25 and 30 million. Also recognized as “the Pearl of Siberia”, the lake happens to be one of the most famous tourist destinations